Problemas del realismo – Georg Lukács El asalto a la razón. La trayectoria del irracionalismo desde Schelling hasta Hitler – Georg Lukács. by Lu ka qi; Georg Lukacs.; Wang jiu xing.;. Print book. Chinese El asalto a la razón: la trayectoria del irracionalismo by György Lukács · El asalto a la razón . (). Introduccion General a la Historia de Derecho. Barcelona, Gedisa. LESSIG , , , , , LUKACS, Georg. (). El asalto a la razon.
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Being, so long as its concept contains even the slightest vestiges of a relationship to a reality independent of our consciousness, must be displaced by Becoming equals idea.
To refer back just briefly to what we have already expounded, let us quote the statement, likewise from the Genealogy: On the one hand, we read in his Zarathustra notes: This, naturally enough, did not prevent Nietzsche from adhering all his life to Berkeley-Schopenhauer epistemology, as we are likewise soon to see.
His whole epistemology was for him just one weapon in the main battle against socialism. The connection lkacs the battle against liberalism and that against socialism very soon became apparent. Michael Salewski – – Philosophy and History 14 2: On the contrary, it illustrates that the development of his struggle against socialism determined every single one of his pseudo-scientific attitudes. True, his task was facilitated both by the expressive mode of myth and asalot its aphoristic form, whose characteristics we are about to discuss.
Even when geoeg facts they never thought of resorting to the actual sources.
Die Zerstörung der Vernunft der Weg des Irrationalismus von Schelling Zu Hitler
There are certain questions that one does not ask: Socially and hence ethically, his lukac was quite unequivocal. Nonetheless, as we have shown in the case of Schopenhauer, the resultant movement split up into quite different directions.
The Enlightenment was challenging the real ideological pillar of absolute monarchy; but was Nietzsche not berating ideologies and institutions that were actually his best allies in his central campaign against socialism and democracy? Nietzsche had already acquired this status before the first imperialist world war, and he retained it even after the second.
For the State to exercise jurisdiction is cowardice, because it lacks the great man who can serve as a criterion.
Hence lukace the epistemological field, too, he became the leading ideologist of the militant reactionaries. But the myth-form also results from the fact that Nietzsche, the leading philosopher of the imperialist lukaacs, did not live to see imperialism. To be sure, he did strike a special note in his determination to think reactionary bourgeois tendencies razln to the most extreme consequences and openly to state their conclusions in a crude and paradoxical form.
As is widely known, Nietzsche declared a fervent allegiance to atheism; and with the same fervour he denounced all religions, but asalgo Christianity. Lhkacs his opposition to the revolutionary traditions of bourgeois development is quite plainly perceptible. The reason is that these forms guarantee the expression most fitted to a mixture of a mere scenting of future developments on the one hand, and an acute observation and evaluation of their symptoms on the other.
As we have noted, when Nietzsche advanced beyond Schopenhauer in indirect apologetics he made their historicizing the main point of his advance. Lange in Germany, subjectively placed themselves on the side of progress. So here again we may clearly observe the contrast with the Enlightenment, with which individual commentators have tried to associate Nietzsche because of his atheism. But Nietzsche, as we shall see in more detail later, was able to enshrine and formulate in his works some of the most important lasting features of reactionary attitudes to the imperialist period, and to the age of world wars and revolutions.
Indeed it eazon even capable of making a strong impression on some Marxist intellectuals. He was, there fore, criticizing Bismarck from the Right. Over and above the ssalto between nations, that international hydra which suddenly raised its fearsome heads has alarmed us by heralding quite different battles to come. He brought up questions from within its sphere of interests, answered them in its own spirit.
And it was by no means limited to the reactionary part of the rrazon. This in itself obliged him to cast aside the whole Schopenhauerian duality of Vorstellung and Willeand to replace the Buddhist myth of will-power with the myth of the will-to-power. It now grows quite clear how Nietzsche carried on the irrationalist tradition in comparison to Schopenhauer and Kierkegaard. Science Logic and Mathematics. This, we believe, is right because it contains the immediate reasoning behind these ethics and particularly their revolutionary gestures such as the transvaluation of all values.
On the other hand, the principal foe had already appeared in theoretical as well as palpable form. In both cases, Darwinism was only a mythologized pretext for the ideological war against the proletariat. German Philosophy and Politics. When, therefore, Nietzsche takes his stand as an atheist, the truth is that he is out to destroy socialism. razn
All this contains an explicit goerg of belief in a revival of barbarity as the means of saving mankind. Apologetic aims aside, his ignorance of the socio-economic differences between two ages necessarily led to this romantic idealism. The species do not grow perfectly: In criticizing Hegel without knowing him even superficially, Schopenhauer was once again a forerunner of bourgeois decadence.
In the first place, Nietzsche was never more than a social Darwinist in the aforesaid sense of the term.
The Destruction of Reason by Georg Lukacs
The stupidity, at bottom the degenerate instinct, which today is the cause of all stupiditiesrests in the fact that there is a worker problem at all. Now that we have presented the sharp contrast between Nietzsche and the ordinary direct apologists of capitalism, zsalto must briefly remark on the methods they shared in connection with Darwinism. I want to give egotism a clear conscience. Rszon the decline started much earlier in the sphere of theoretical learning, particularly economics and philosophy; bourgeois economics had produced nothing original and saalto since the demise of the Ricardo school in the s, while bourgeois philosophy had yielded nothing new since the demise of Hegelianism s and s.
We have also shown that behind eternal recurrence there hides a self-consoling, mythical decree that evolution can produce nothing fundamentally new and therefore no socialism. For the older Nietzsche, Wagner was the greatest artistic expression of that decadence whose most important political representative he saw in Bismarck.
At last we asakto stable foundations on which the whole future can safely build! Kyriaki Goudeli – – Palgrave. We regard this discussion as idle for two reasons. And the function which all categories acquire in this struggle determines the degree of truth they possess.